Answer Questions Below

I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Answer the 2 questions below and reply to each student.

Student Reply must be over 100 words.

Make sure all student replies you start it with Hello (Student Name),

Please upload each question in different word documents.

******Question 2 must be APA format and i have attached the GRADING RUBRIC and Guide. *************

Make sure for question 1 we use a scholarly source since it must be attached to the post.

Question 1:

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum, review the Narrowing a Topic and Developing a Research Question (Links to an external site.) web page and Integrating Research (Links to an external site.) tutorial. These resources will help you in developing a topic.

It is also recommended that you review these tutorials from the Ashford University Library:

You may also want to review the Sample Final Paper GEN499, so that you can start preparing your rough draft that is due in Week 4.

Reflect: When considering a research topic, consider an interesting topic that is worth further research. For instance, having a strong opinion on a specific topic may deter you from thinking more critically, and therefore the research might end up being one-sided. It is a good idea to pick a topic in which you can provide a good argument for both sides of the societal issue.

Write: For this discussion, address the following prompts:

  • Identify a global societal issue from the following list that you would consider researching further for your Week 5 Final Paper:
    • Lack of education
  • Describe effective methods you used in identifying and narrowing down to just one of the topics to further research for your Final Paper.
  • Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.
  • Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.
  • Explain why scholarly sources should be used to support your writing on the selected topic.
  • Download and attach a PDF copy of one of the peer-reviewed scholarly articles that you found from the Ashford University Library to your answer using the “Attach” function located below your response.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).

Respond to Peers: Review your classmates’ posts, and respond to at least two of your peers by Day 7. In each response, provide comments on your classmate’s topic idea and ask a question that prompts your classmate to think more critically about how to explore the research topic in more detail. Each participation post should be a minimum of 75 words.

Student Reply 1: James Miller

Final Paper Topic:

For my research paper I chose government accountability and corruption from the list of topics. One method I used for narrowing the list to one topic, was an interest in the subject matter and wanting to learn more about it (Golden Gate University, n.d.). The topic interested me because I live in a state and area that is known for having issues with government accountability and corruption. Because the topic of government accountability and corruption is broad, I generated a list of sub-topics from the main topic (Ashford University, n.d.). The narrowed list of sub-topics provided me with a focused topic. The focused topic allowed me to create several research questions based upon my focused topic. An example of my selection method:

Broad Topic: Government Accountability and Corruption

Narrowed Topic: Illinois State Governance

Focused Topic: Cook County and City of Chicago Politics

Research Question: How can the Cook County suburban city governments compete with the City of Chicago?

Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.

When conducting research, it is important to ensure that the information provided is reliable, factual, and accurate. One way that the reader can be assured that those criteria have been met is to locate scholarly articles related to the subject matter. When analyzing the material to determine if it comes from a scholarly source there are several methods that the reader may employ to vet the source.

Initial Appraisal:

If the material is from a physical source, such as a book or journal, the researcher can check the bibliographic content for the date of publication, author, and publisher. If the information is from the internet, the researcher can check the authorship and the publishing body.

Content Analysis:

The material should reach an intended and focused audience. The material should be written objectively and cover varied opinions in relationship to the topic.

Currency:

The material should show currency to the subject matter. If the researcher is investigating a more current topic, then the source provided should be from recent articles and publications. Older information sources may be scholarly, but if they have not been updated or revised, the information provided could be dated and inaccurate.

All information used in a research paper should come from scholarly sources or from professional sources to ensure it is appropriate and comes from authority (How to critically analyze information sources, n.d.). By using scholarly and professional sources when researching and writing, the author validates the material for the reader.

Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.

In researching Cook County, Illinois, and City of Chicago politics, I came across David Hamilton’s article, Regimes and Regional Governance: The Case of Chicago, in the Journal of Urban Affairs. Mr. Hamilton writes about how public policy in cities is influenced by private firms and business elites (2002). Mr. Hamilton’s article examines how support for urban initiatives seems to end at the City of Chicago city limits and suburban Cook County city governments fail to garner the same financial support.

Anne Friedman’s paper, Doing Battle with the Patronage Army: Politics, Courts, and Personnel Administration in Chicago, found in the Public Administration Review, examines, and summarizes the impact of the Shakman decrees. The Shakman decrees were a series of rulings that affected hiring and firing of city and county employees for political reasons (1988). The paper supports my research concerning City of Chicago and Cook County government accountability practices and the corruption found within both governmental agencies.

Scholarly sources add to the research because they are unbiased and have been carefully researched. Scholarly articles are peer reviewed before they are published. The peer review process subjects the material to quality review and peer reviewed articles ensure the information is authoritative.

-Dusty Miller

Reference

Ashford University. (n.d.). Narrowing a topic and developing a research question. Retrieved from https://writingcenter.ashford.edu/narrowing-topic-… (Links to an external site.)

Freedman, A. (1988). Doing Battle with the Patronage Army: Politics, Courts, and Personnel Administration in Chicago. Public Administration Review, 48(5), 847–859. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.2307/…

Hamilton, D. K. (2002). Regimes and Regional Governance: the Case of Chicago. Journal of Urban Affairs, 24(4), 403. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1111/…

How to critically analyze information sources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://anthroniche.com/media/pdfs/how_to_criticall…

Golden Gate University. (n.d.) Research Process: An Overview: Choosing a Topic. Retrieved from https://ggu.libguides.com/research

Student Reply 2: Jennifer Joyce

The topic I considered is Poverty and Income inequality. This is something that I have personal interest in.

Describe effective methods you used in identifying and narrowing down to just one of the topics to further research for your Final Paper.

One way to narrow down research is to use specific words, for example: I am researching poverty and income inequality. I can not just type in “poverty” there are a lot of articles to go through instead, I typed in ‘poverty’ and ‘inequality’.

Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.

Look for what year the source was published, along with the website the article came from

Author, are there sub links for the references, is this author credited?

When clicking the sub links do, they bring you to the right article of reference?

Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.

Psychology’s Contributions to Understanding and Alleviating Poverty and Economic Inequality: Introduction to the Special Section is about why Psychological research is important to understanding and eliminating poverty. Bullock (2019) states “Psychological research is crucial to illuminating and interrupting the damaging consequences of economic hardship and disparities, understanding interpersonal and institutional responses to poverty and economic inequality, and developing effective poverty alleviation programs and policies” (introduction).

Reducing Poverty and Inequality Through Preschool-to-Third-Grade Prevention Services is about the importance of education and how to help reducing the poverty inequality. According to Reynolds, Ou, Mondi, and Giovanelli (2019), “early childhood programs have been found to be an effective strategy for promoting educational success and economic well-being, but the availability of high-quality programs that are aligned and integrated with schools across the learning continuum is limited” (introduction).

Explain why scholarly sources should be used to support your writing on the selected topic.

Using a scholarly source in your paper you know the information that you are referencing is true, therefore making your paper true.

Bloome, D., Dyer, S., & Zhou, X. (2018). Educational Inequality, Educational Expansion, and Intergenerational Income Persistence in the United States. American Sociological Review, 83(6), 1215–1253. doi: 10.1177/0003122418809374

Bullock, H. E. (2019). Psychology’s contributions to understanding and alleviating poverty and economic inequality: Introduction to the special section. American Psychologist, 74(6), 635–640. doi: 10.1037/amp0000532

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S.-R., Mondi, C. F., & Giovanelli, A. (2019). Supplemental Material for Reducing Poverty and Inequality Through Preschool-to-Third-Grade Prevention Services. American Psychologist, 24(6), 653–672. doi: 10.1037/amp0000537.supp

GEN499.research1.pdf

Question 2:

Importance of Becoming a Global Citizen

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Prepare:

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read the A Model of Global Citizenship: Antecedents and Outcomes article and watch the Globalization at a Crossroads (Links to an external site.) video. Go to the Ashford University Library and locate one additional source on global citizenship that will help support your viewpoint, or you may choose one of the following articles found in the Week 1 Required Resources:

Reflect: Please take some time to reflect on how the concept of global citizenship has shaped your identity, and think about how being a global citizen has made you a better person in your community.

Write: Use the Week 1 Example Assignment Guide when addressing the following prompts:

  • Describe and explain a clear distinction between “globalism” and “globalization” after viewing the video and reading the article.
  • Describe how being a global citizen in the world of advanced technology can be beneficial to your success in meeting your personal, academic, and professional goals.
  • Explain why there has been disagreement between theorists about the definition of global citizenship and develop your own definition of global citizenship after reading the article by Reysen and Katzarska-Miller.
  • Choose two of the six outcomes of global citizenship from the article (i.e., intergroup empathy, valuing diversity, social justice, environmental sustainability, intergroup helping, and the level of responsibility to act for the betterment of this world).
    • Explain why those two outcomes are the most important in becoming a global citizen compared to the others.
  • Describe at least two personal examples or events in your life that illustrate the development of global citizenship based on the two outcomes you chose.
  • Identify two specific general education courses.
    • Explain how each course influenced you to become a global citizen.

The Importance of Becoming a Global Citizen

Before you submit your written assignment, you are encouraged to review the review the Grammarly (Links to an external site.) page tutorial, set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.

Answer Questions Below

I need support with this Business question so I can learn better.

Answer the 3 questions below and reply to each student.

Student Reply must be over 250 words.

Make sure all student replies you start it with Hello (Student Name),

Please upload each question in different word documents.

******Question 2 must be APA format and i have attached the GRADING RUBRIC and Guide. *************

Make sure for question 1 we use a scholarly source since it must be attached to the post.

Question 1:

Prepare: In preparation for this discussion forum, make a list of what you learned most throughout the process of researching your final essay topic, as well as difficulties you may have encountered along the way.

Reflect: Think about what you have learned in the development of your research findings on the global societal issue you chose in the Week 1 discussion forum, your proposed solution and its ethical outcomes, and share with your classmates why this specific issues requires further research.

Write: For this discussion, you will address the following prompts:

  • Identify the global societal issue you have chosen to research for your Final Paper, an argumentative essay, and explain why further research on this topic is important.
  • Provide a clear and concise thesis statement that includes a solution to the global societal issue (see Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.) for assistance).
  • Explain how this global societal issue impacts a specific population.
  • Locate a peer-reviewed scholarly source and provide statistical data that you found surprising on the topic.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.))

Student Reply 1: James Miller

Identify the global societal issue you have chosen to research for your Final Paper, an argumentative essay, and explain why further research on this topic is important.

The global societal issue that I have selected for my final assignment concerns government accountability and corruption, specifically the confusion associated with sanctuary city designations in relationship to illegal immigration and funding. United States federal, state, and local governments have blurred the lines of this issue and turned the debate into a political juggernaut. Further research is warranted on this topic to assist in delineating myth from reality. This topic has led to political upheaval, unfounded racial and ethnic discrimination, and the withholding of federal funds to municipalities.

Provide a clear and concise thesis statement that includes a solution to the global societal issue.

Up until the last 5 years the cry, “Sanctuary, Sanctuary!”, would elicit reminiscence of the literary character, Quasimodo, from Victor Hugo’s novel, “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”. Now, sanctuary has taken on legal ramifications concerning governmental accountability as local, state, and federal governments battle over funding and an onslaught of illegal immigration and the political ramifications associated with the designation. Although “Sanctuary City” status raises concerns about crime and illegal immigration, it should not disentitle a city from federal grants and funding. The solution to the issue lies in an accurate interpretation of how federal grants are issued and who has authority over the grant programs.

Explain how this global societal issue impacts a specific population.

The issue impacts the residents of the sanctuary cities because federal grants are issued to assist their communities in funding municipal infrastructure projects. When federal agencies overstep their authority and withhold federal grants based upon political agendas, it is the responsibility of our elected officials to uphold the language of the US Constitution. The issue also affects migrants that have entered the country without proper documentation.

Locate a peer-reviewed scholarly source and provide statistical data that you found surprising on the topic.

I have found several peer-reviewed scholarly articles concerning the issue of sanctuary cities and the blurring of governmental accountability concerning the issue. One of the items that I found surprising while reading these articles was the data about crime statistics in sanctuary cities. Gonzalez-O’Brien, et al (2019) write, “mean testing reveals that while some cities saw minor increases in assorted crimes, other cities actually witnessed drops in crime levels. There is no discernible pattern to the results and supports their hypothesis that sanctuary status does not lead to more crime” (p. 20, para. 5). Much of the federal government’s argument for withholding grant money from sanctuary cities is based upon the premise that sanctuary cities promote more crime, so the statistical data associated with this journal article is very enlightening.

-Dusty Miller

References

Gonzalez O’Brien, B., Collingwood, L., & El-Khatib, S. O. (2019). The Politics of Refuge: Sanctuary Cities, Crime, and Undocumented Immigration. Urban Affairs Review, 55(1), 3–40. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/http://u…

Student Reply 2: Colin Lee-Lam

Identify the global societal issue you have chosen to research for your Final Paper, an argumentative essay, and explain why further research on this topic is important

I have selected poverty and income inequality as my topic to be researched further. Additional research is necessary on this topic because people are dying. Citizens of America that live above the poverty level may find it difficult to believe that individuals are losing their lives because they are poor. Others ignore the fact that people are dying around the world because it is not a problem in their immediate surroundings and communities. Citizens should not dye because they do not earn enough money from the job they have. Further research is needed because it will save lives. Research into poverty prevention or eradication would not only save lives but would tremendously increase the comfort of living for millions living in poverty around the globe.

Provide a clear and concise thesis statement that includes a solution to the global societal issue

Because people are dying around the world from poverty and income inequality, research to improve living wages and conditions is a must to avert this crisis.

The evidence is clear that poverty and income inequality is impacting the world. Some in society might be blind to the numbers, but those numbers do not lie.

Explain how this global societal issue impacts a specific population

The poorest of the poor are affected most by not having the financial means to provide the necessities for their families. Wunder (2019) writes, “In 2017 the USDA estimated that low-income families paid around $9,330 a year per child, middle-income households paid $12,350, and high-income households paid $19,380 (Wunder 2019; Lino et al. 2017). People with small stretched incomes are struggling to make ends meet, and sometimes having children is not an option for those families.

Locate a peer-reviewed scholarly source and provide statistical data that you found surprising on the topic

The most shocking statistic in the above article is the yearly income of a low-family. “The USDA breakdown of incomes puts the top income of low-income households at $59,200, which is the U.S. median household income” (Wunder 2019). The amount remaining after childcare expenses are subtracted from the salary of a low-income family does not leave much for life enjoyment.

Reference

Wunder, T. A. (2019). Fighting Childhood Poverty: How a Universal Child Allowance Would Impact the U.S. Population, 53(2), 537–544. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy-

Question 2:

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this assignment, view the videos Scholarly and Popular Sources(1) (Links to an external site.), Why Can’t I Just Google? (Links to an external site.), and Effective Internet Search: Basic Tools and Advanced Strategies (Links to an external site.).

Reflect: Good research is a combination of many types of sources. Prior to taking this course, did you understand the differences between these sources and the importance of finding one type of resource over another?

Write: For this discussion, you will address the following prompts:

  • Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.
  • Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the Ashford University Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.
  • From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).

Student Reply 3: Meyanna Adams

Scholarly sources are “intended for use in support of conducting in-depth research” and popular sources are “Intended for a general audience of readers” (USC Libraries). Scholarly sources contain “specialized vocabulary and extensive references to sources” and popular sources are “written to entertain and persuade” (USC Libraries). Scholarly sources are written by scholars or researchers in a particular field. Popular sources are written by staff writers or a general journalist. “scholarly sources are blind peer reviewed by multiple experts in the field and popular sources are reviewed by a single editor” (USC Libraries). Scholarly sources are usually longer than popular sources. Scholarly sources can be ten plus pages long and popular sources can vary in length.

‘Income Inequality in America” (popular source)

The article states that one-quarter of American workers make less than $10 per hour (Amedeo 2019). This creates an income below the federal poverty level. The article also gives facts on the average household income in 2015. The author then goes on to give some solutions to solving this crisis. She says that the “government should provide the bottom two-fifths access to education and employment training.

“Impact of Political Instability on Economic Growth, Poverty and Income Inequality” (scholarly source)

The article discusses a cross section of 103 countries for several years. It also discusses how it affects the economic growth of these countries as well. It also discusses how these issues can create political instability in these countries.

The scholarly article was 16 pages in length and the popular source was one page long. The source from the Ashford library was written for an academic journal and the popular source was written an online website that discusses money matters. The popular source was more of an editorial and the scholarly source was very informational and included facts from these experts. The scholarly source was written by several experts in the field of business. The scholarly article also has the dates from the studies that were conducted in support of the article.

References

Amedeo, K. (2019, June 25). Income Inequality in America. Retrieved from https://www.thebalance.com/income-inequality-in-america-3306190.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: What Is Scholarly vs. Popular? (2019, October 29). Retrieved from https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/scholarly.

Shehzadi, I., Muhammad, H., Siddique, A., & Majeed, M. T. (2019, January). IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSTABILITY ON ECONOMIC GROWTH, POVERTY AND INCOME INEQUALITY. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&[email protected]

Student Reply 4: David Roberts

Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.

When considering whether a source is scholarly or popular source certain cues help to identify one from the other. In text citations of scholarly material help to set a part a popular source from a scholarly one. In addition, other factors may include but are not limited to, authoritative position of author on topic, whether or not the material has been reviewed by other scholarly peers, the format in which the information is conveyed, and an easy indicator is whether there is any material advertising associated within the source.

Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the Ashford University Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.

Scholarly Source: Enlisting the power of youth for climate change- This source found within the Ashford library help to detail the growing issue of climate change and how prior generations have addressed those concerns. Moreover, this article digs into how the impact of climate change impacts the future of tomorrow, and how the overall goal is to employ the efforts of youth to make a meaningful change. (Bandura 2019) This source bias position on generational responsibility shifts action unto generations that didn’t cause but must fix the issue. The reliability of this source is extended by the authority of the authors being scholars in their respective fields publishing several other articles on similar subjects which in turn is also their strengths for this source. The limitations of this source are that of viable and relevant statistical information on climate change and solutions beyond social action.

Popular Source: Climate Change: Climate Change Eco-Anxiety- NBC news report in which people anxiety is being heightened by the ever increasing realization of the climate change around us. (Fitzsimons 2019) This source bias on the topic is that people are uneducated about the climate change occurring around us and that our anxiety is a symptom of our realization of the impact such has had on our environment. The reliability of this source is that they bring up to date information to the public but as to their authority on anxiety linked to climate change they are not very qualified; as state the strengths of the source are up to date information which is evident within this article by the reference to social action taken by individuals. The limitation of this source are the extent to which topic of issue are researched and shared to the public; an informal entertaining approach helps secure advertising and sale publications but does little to real inform readers on the scholarly aspects of a discussion.

From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source.

The popular source lacked the five cues as described above in what sets a scholarly source apart from a popular one. Such cues included the format in which information was share, via an online new article, the authors authority on the topic, as well as the use of in text citations of scholarly material were missing to help bolster their position. Moreover, the source lacked an official scholarly peer review, and there are several advertising experts found within the source.

I look forward to reading yalls posts!

Warm Regards,

Roberts, David

References

Bandura, A., & Cherry, L. (2019). Enlisting the power of youth for climate change. American Psychologist. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1037/… (Links to an external site.)

Fitzsimons, Kim (October 2019). Climate change is causing ‘eco-anxiety’ ― here’s what we can do. NBCnews. Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/better/lifestyle/climate-c…

Question 3:

Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review the Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) and Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) web pages, and Evaluating Sources (Links to an external site.) and Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) tutorials.

Reflect: Reflect back on the Week 1 discussion in which you shared with the class the global societal issue that you would like to further address. Explore critical insights that were shared by your peers and/or your instructor on the topic chosen and begin your search for scholarly sources with those insights in mind.

Write: For this assignment, review the Annotated Bibliography Formatting Guidelines and address the following prompts:

  • Introductory paragraph to topic (refer to the Final Paper guidelines for your topic selection).
    • Write an introductory paragraph with at least 150 words that clearly explains the topic, the importance of further research, and ethical implications.
  • Thesis statement.
    • Write a direct and concise thesis statement, which will become the solution to the problem that you will argue or prove in the Week 5 Final Paper. (A thesis statement should be a concise, declarative statement. The thesis statement must appear at the end of the introductory paragraph.)
  • Annotated bibliography.
    • Develop an annotated bibliography to indicate the quality of the sources you have read.
    • Summarize in your own words how the source contributes to the solution of the global societal issue for each annotation.
    • Address fully the purpose, content, evidence, and relation to other sources you found on this topic (your annotation should be one to two paragraphs long—150 words or more.
    • Include no less than five scholarly sources in the annotated bibliography that will be used to support the major points of the Final Paper.
    • Demonstrate critical thinking skills by accurately interpreting evidence used to support various positions of the topic.

The Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography

Answer Questions Below

I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Answer the 2 questions below and reply to each student.

Student Reply must be over 100 words.

Make sure all student replies you start it with Hello (Student Name),

Please upload each question in different word documents.

******Question 2 must be APA format and i have attached the GRADING RUBRIC and Guide. *************

Make sure for question 1 we use a scholarly source since it must be attached to the post.

Question 1:

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum, review the Narrowing a Topic and Developing a Research Question (Links to an external site.) web page and Integrating Research (Links to an external site.) tutorial. These resources will help you in developing a topic.

It is also recommended that you review these tutorials from the Ashford University Library:

You may also want to review the Sample Final Paper GEN499, so that you can start preparing your rough draft that is due in Week 4.

Reflect: When considering a research topic, consider an interesting topic that is worth further research. For instance, having a strong opinion on a specific topic may deter you from thinking more critically, and therefore the research might end up being one-sided. It is a good idea to pick a topic in which you can provide a good argument for both sides of the societal issue.

Write: For this discussion, address the following prompts:

  • Identify a global societal issue from the following list that you would consider researching further for your Week 5 Final Paper:
    • Lack of education
  • Describe effective methods you used in identifying and narrowing down to just one of the topics to further research for your Final Paper.
  • Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.
  • Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.
  • Explain why scholarly sources should be used to support your writing on the selected topic.
  • Download and attach a PDF copy of one of the peer-reviewed scholarly articles that you found from the Ashford University Library to your answer using the “Attach” function located below your response.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).

Respond to Peers: Review your classmates’ posts, and respond to at least two of your peers by Day 7. In each response, provide comments on your classmate’s topic idea and ask a question that prompts your classmate to think more critically about how to explore the research topic in more detail. Each participation post should be a minimum of 75 words.

Student Reply 1: James Miller

Final Paper Topic:

For my research paper I chose government accountability and corruption from the list of topics. One method I used for narrowing the list to one topic, was an interest in the subject matter and wanting to learn more about it (Golden Gate University, n.d.). The topic interested me because I live in a state and area that is known for having issues with government accountability and corruption. Because the topic of government accountability and corruption is broad, I generated a list of sub-topics from the main topic (Ashford University, n.d.). The narrowed list of sub-topics provided me with a focused topic. The focused topic allowed me to create several research questions based upon my focused topic. An example of my selection method:

Broad Topic: Government Accountability and Corruption

Narrowed Topic: Illinois State Governance

Focused Topic: Cook County and City of Chicago Politics

Research Question: How can the Cook County suburban city governments compete with the City of Chicago?

Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.

When conducting research, it is important to ensure that the information provided is reliable, factual, and accurate. One way that the reader can be assured that those criteria have been met is to locate scholarly articles related to the subject matter. When analyzing the material to determine if it comes from a scholarly source there are several methods that the reader may employ to vet the source.

Initial Appraisal:

If the material is from a physical source, such as a book or journal, the researcher can check the bibliographic content for the date of publication, author, and publisher. If the information is from the internet, the researcher can check the authorship and the publishing body.

Content Analysis:

The material should reach an intended and focused audience. The material should be written objectively and cover varied opinions in relationship to the topic.

Currency:

The material should show currency to the subject matter. If the researcher is investigating a more current topic, then the source provided should be from recent articles and publications. Older information sources may be scholarly, but if they have not been updated or revised, the information provided could be dated and inaccurate.

All information used in a research paper should come from scholarly sources or from professional sources to ensure it is appropriate and comes from authority (How to critically analyze information sources, n.d.). By using scholarly and professional sources when researching and writing, the author validates the material for the reader.

Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.

In researching Cook County, Illinois, and City of Chicago politics, I came across David Hamilton’s article, Regimes and Regional Governance: The Case of Chicago, in the Journal of Urban Affairs. Mr. Hamilton writes about how public policy in cities is influenced by private firms and business elites (2002). Mr. Hamilton’s article examines how support for urban initiatives seems to end at the City of Chicago city limits and suburban Cook County city governments fail to garner the same financial support.

Anne Friedman’s paper, Doing Battle with the Patronage Army: Politics, Courts, and Personnel Administration in Chicago, found in the Public Administration Review, examines, and summarizes the impact of the Shakman decrees. The Shakman decrees were a series of rulings that affected hiring and firing of city and county employees for political reasons (1988). The paper supports my research concerning City of Chicago and Cook County government accountability practices and the corruption found within both governmental agencies.

Scholarly sources add to the research because they are unbiased and have been carefully researched. Scholarly articles are peer reviewed before they are published. The peer review process subjects the material to quality review and peer reviewed articles ensure the information is authoritative.

-Dusty Miller

Reference

Ashford University. (n.d.). Narrowing a topic and developing a research question. Retrieved from https://writingcenter.ashford.edu/narrowing-topic-… (Links to an external site.)

Freedman, A. (1988). Doing Battle with the Patronage Army: Politics, Courts, and Personnel Administration in Chicago. Public Administration Review, 48(5), 847–859. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.2307/…

Hamilton, D. K. (2002). Regimes and Regional Governance: the Case of Chicago. Journal of Urban Affairs, 24(4), 403. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1111/…

How to critically analyze information sources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://anthroniche.com/media/pdfs/how_to_criticall…

Golden Gate University. (n.d.) Research Process: An Overview: Choosing a Topic. Retrieved from https://ggu.libguides.com/research

Student Reply 2: Jennifer Joyce

The topic I considered is Poverty and Income inequality. This is something that I have personal interest in.

Describe effective methods you used in identifying and narrowing down to just one of the topics to further research for your Final Paper.

One way to narrow down research is to use specific words, for example: I am researching poverty and income inequality. I can not just type in “poverty” there are a lot of articles to go through instead, I typed in ‘poverty’ and ‘inequality’.

Explain three ways you can critically analyze sources to determine if they are scholarly.

Look for what year the source was published, along with the website the article came from

Author, are there sub links for the references, is this author credited?

When clicking the sub links do, they bring you to the right article of reference?

Summarize information from at least two scholarly journal articles from the Ashford University Library that will support your claims for your chosen topic.

Psychology’s Contributions to Understanding and Alleviating Poverty and Economic Inequality: Introduction to the Special Section is about why Psychological research is important to understanding and eliminating poverty. Bullock (2019) states “Psychological research is crucial to illuminating and interrupting the damaging consequences of economic hardship and disparities, understanding interpersonal and institutional responses to poverty and economic inequality, and developing effective poverty alleviation programs and policies” (introduction).

Reducing Poverty and Inequality Through Preschool-to-Third-Grade Prevention Services is about the importance of education and how to help reducing the poverty inequality. According to Reynolds, Ou, Mondi, and Giovanelli (2019), “early childhood programs have been found to be an effective strategy for promoting educational success and economic well-being, but the availability of high-quality programs that are aligned and integrated with schools across the learning continuum is limited” (introduction).

Explain why scholarly sources should be used to support your writing on the selected topic.

Using a scholarly source in your paper you know the information that you are referencing is true, therefore making your paper true.

Bloome, D., Dyer, S., & Zhou, X. (2018). Educational Inequality, Educational Expansion, and Intergenerational Income Persistence in the United States. American Sociological Review, 83(6), 1215–1253. doi: 10.1177/0003122418809374

Bullock, H. E. (2019). Psychology’s contributions to understanding and alleviating poverty and economic inequality: Introduction to the special section. American Psychologist, 74(6), 635–640. doi: 10.1037/amp0000532

Reynolds, A. J., Ou, S.-R., Mondi, C. F., & Giovanelli, A. (2019). Supplemental Material for Reducing Poverty and Inequality Through Preschool-to-Third-Grade Prevention Services. American Psychologist, 24(6), 653–672. doi: 10.1037/amp0000537.supp

GEN499.research1.pdf

Question 2:

Importance of Becoming a Global Citizen

[WLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Prepare:

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read the A Model of Global Citizenship: Antecedents and Outcomes article and watch the Globalization at a Crossroads (Links to an external site.) video. Go to the Ashford University Library and locate one additional source on global citizenship that will help support your viewpoint, or you may choose one of the following articles found in the Week 1 Required Resources:

Reflect: Please take some time to reflect on how the concept of global citizenship has shaped your identity, and think about how being a global citizen has made you a better person in your community.

Write: Use the Week 1 Example Assignment Guide when addressing the following prompts:

  • Describe and explain a clear distinction between “globalism” and “globalization” after viewing the video and reading the article.
  • Describe how being a global citizen in the world of advanced technology can be beneficial to your success in meeting your personal, academic, and professional goals.
  • Explain why there has been disagreement between theorists about the definition of global citizenship and develop your own definition of global citizenship after reading the article by Reysen and Katzarska-Miller.
  • Choose two of the six outcomes of global citizenship from the article (i.e., intergroup empathy, valuing diversity, social justice, environmental sustainability, intergroup helping, and the level of responsibility to act for the betterment of this world).
    • Explain why those two outcomes are the most important in becoming a global citizen compared to the others.
  • Describe at least two personal examples or events in your life that illustrate the development of global citizenship based on the two outcomes you chose.
  • Identify two specific general education courses.
    • Explain how each course influenced you to become a global citizen.

The Importance of Becoming a Global Citizen

Before you submit your written assignment, you are encouraged to review the review the Grammarly (Links to an external site.) page tutorial, set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.