New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility WK5 – #4 Case Study – New Belgium Brewing

Answer the following questions related to Case 5 in Business Ethics in a 2-page essay:

  • Is there a possible conflict between an industry that sells a product that can have negative consequences from the use of its product and the industry’s ability to engage in socially responsible activities?

  • What perks do you see in the New Belgium Brewery that could be an added plus to your work environment? Identify at least two of those perks.

  • What are the dangers any company might face if its sole focus is the bottom line? Identify at least five of those dangers. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

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Read the following sections of Business Ethics:

  • Ch. 7, “Organizational Factors: The Role of Ethical Culture and Relationships”
  • Ch. 8, “Developing and Effective Ethics Program”
  • Case 5, New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility on pp. 437–446

Read the following sections of Conscious Capitalism:

  • Ch. 15, ”Conscious Cultures”
  • Ch. 16, ”Conscious Management”
  • Ch. 18, ”The Power and Beauty of Conscious Capitalism”
  • “The Conscious Capitalism Credo” on p. 273

New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility Case Study

Required Course Materials

Title: Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases

Edition: 11th

Authors: Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich, J., & Ferrell, L.

ISBN-13: 9781305500846

Title: Conscious Capitalism: Liberating the Heroic Spirit of Business

Authors: MacKay, J., & Sisodia, R.

ISBN-13: 9781422144206

Case 5: New Belgium Brewing: Engaging in Sustainable Social Responsibility 437 

CASE 5 New Belgium Brewing:

Engaging in Sustainable Social Responsibility

Although most of the companies frequently cited as examples of ethical and socially responsible firms are large corporations, it is the social responsibility initiatives of small businesses that often have the greatest impact on local communities. These businesses create jobs and provide goods and services for customers in smaller markets that larger corporations are often not interested in serving. Moreover, they also contribute money, resources, and volunteer time to local causes. Their owners often serve as community leaders, and many choose to apply their skills and resources to tackling local problems and issues to benefit the whole community. Managers and employees become role models for ethical and socially responsible actions. One such small business is New Belgium Brewing Company, Inc., based in Fort Collins, Colorado. HISTORY OF THE NEW BELGIUM BREWING COMPANY The idea for the New Belgium Brewing Company (NBB) began with a bicycling trip through Belgium. Belgium is arguably the home of some of the world’s finest ales, some of which have been brewed for centuries in that country’s monasteries. As Jeff Lebesch, an American electrical engineer cruised around that country on his mountain bike, he wondered whether he could produce such high-quality beers back home in Colorado. After acquiring the special strain of yeast used to brew Belgian-style ales, Lebesch returned home and began to experiment in his Colorado basement. When his beers earned thumbs up from friends, Lebesch decided to market them. NBB opened for business in 1991 as a tiny basement operation in Lebesch’s home in Fort Collins. Lebesch’s wife at the time, Kim Jordan, became the firm’s marketing director. They named their first brew Fat Tire Amber Ale in honor of Lebesch’s bike ride through Belgium. Initially, getting New Belgium beer onto store shelves was not easy. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility Jordan often delivered the beer to stores in the back of her Toyota station wagon. However, New Belgium beers quickly developed a small but devoted customer base, first in Fort Collins and then throughout Colorado. The brewery soon outgrew the couple’s basement and moved into an old railroad depot before settling into its present custom-built *This case was prepared by Jennifer Sawayda and Jennifer Jackson for and under the direction of O.C. Ferrell and Linda Ferrell © 2015. We appreciate the input and assistance of Greg Owsley, New Belgium Brewing, in developing this case. It was prepared for classroom discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of an administrative, ethical, or legal decision by management. All sources used for this case were obtained through publicly available material and the New Belgium Brewing website. Copyright 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to the electronic facilities in 1995.

The brewery includes two brewhouses, four quality assurance labs, a wastewater treatment facility, a canning and bottling line, and numerous technological innovations for which New Belgium has become nationally recognized as a “paradigm of environmental efficiencies.” Under the leadership of Kim Jordan, who has since become CEO, NBB currently offers a variety of permanent and seasonal ales and pilsners. The company’s standard line includes Sunshine Wheat, Blue Paddle, 1554, Ranger IPA, Abby, Shift, Trippel, Rampant, Slow Ride IPA, Snapshot, and the original Fat Tire Amber Ale, still the firm’s bestseller. Some customers even refer to the company as the Fat Tire Brewery. The brewery’s seasonal ales include Skinny Dip, Portage Porter, and Accumulation. The firm also started a Lips of Faith program, where small-batch brews like La Folie, Gruit, and Salted Belgian Chocolate Stout are created for internal celebrations or landmark events. Additionally, New Belgium is working in collaboration with other craft brewers to come up with new products. Through this, they hope to create improved efficiency and experimentation, along with taking collaborative strides toward the future of American craft beer making. One product resulting from these collaborations is a beer brewed with Anaheim and Marash Chilies in collaboration with Cigar City Brewing. NBB’s most effective form of advertising has always been its customers’ word of mouth, especially in the early days. Indeed, before New Belgium beers were widely distributed throughout Colorado, one liquor-store owner in Telluride is purported to have offered people gas money if they would stop by and pick up New Belgium beer on their way through Fort Collins. Although New Belgium has expanded distribution to a good portion of the U.S. market, the brewery receives numerous emails and phone calls every day inquiring when its beers will be available in other parts of the country. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility Although still a small brewery when compared to many beer companies, like fellow Coloradan Coors, NBB has consistently experienced strong growth with estimated sales of more than $180 million (with NBB being a private firm, detailed sales and revenue numbers are not available). It now has its own blog, Twitter, and Facebook pages. The organization sells more than 800,000 barrels of beer per year and has many opportunities for continued growth. For instance, while total beer consumption has remained flat, the market share of the craft beer industry is now at 11 percent. Growth for craft beer is likely to continue as new generations of beer drinkers appear to favor beers that are locally brewed. Currently, New Belgium’s products are distributed in 38 states plus the District of Columbia, British Columbia, and Alberta. It plans to begin distribution in Hawaii in 2016. Beer connoisseurs that appreciate the high quality of NBB’s products, as well as the company’s environmental and ethical business practices, have driven this growth. For example, when the company began distribution in Minnesota, the beers were so popular that a liquor store had to open early and make other accommodations for the large number of customers. The store sold 400 cases of Fat Tire in the first hour it was open. With expanding distribution, however, the brewery recognized a need to increase its opportunities for reaching its far-flung customers. It consulted with Dr. Douglas Holt, an Oxford professor, and cultural branding expert. After studying the company, Holt, together with former Marketing Director Greg Owsley, drafted a 70-page “manifesto” describing the brand’s attributes, character, cultural relevancy, and promise. In particular, Holt identified in New Belgium an ethos of pursuing creative activities simply for the joy of doing them well and in harmony with the natural environment. With the brand thus defined, NBB worked with the New York advertising agency Amalgamated to create a $10 million advertising campaign. The campaign would target high-end beer drinkers, men aged 25 to 44, and highlight the brewery’s down-to-earth image. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

The grainy ads focused on a man, Charles the Tinkerer, rebuilding a cruiser bike out of used parts and then riding it along pastoral country roads.

The product appeared in just five seconds of each ad between the tag lines, “Follow Your Folly … Ours Is Beer.” With nostalgic music playing in the background, the ads helped position the growing brand as whimsical, thoughtful, and reflective. NBB later re-released its Tinkerer commercial during the U.S. Pro Challenge.

The re-released commercial had an additional scene with the Tinkerer riding partway next to a professional cyclist contestant, with music from songwriter and Tour de Fat enthusiast Sean Hayes. The commercial was featured on NBC. It would be eight more years before NBB would develop its next television advertising campaign. In 2013 NBB developed a campaign called “Pairs Well with People” that included a 30-second television advertisement. The television ad described the unique qualities of NBB as an organization, including its environmental consciousness and 100 percent employee ownership. The advertisement was launched on four major networks in large cities across the United States. Because the primary purpose of the campaign was to create awareness in areas not as familiar with the brand (such as Raleigh-Durham and Minneapolis), NBB did not air the commercial in Colorado and states where the brand is well known. The campaign also featured four 15-second online videos of how its beer “pairs well with people.” Bar patrons featured in the 15-second digital ads were NBB employees. In addition to the ad campaigns, the company maintains its strategy of promotion through event sponsorships and digital media. To launch its Ranger IPA beer, New Belgium created a microsite and an online video of its NBB salesforce dressed as rangers performing a hip-hop number to promote the beer. The only difference was that instead of horses, the NBB rangers rode bicycles. The purpose of the video was to create a hip, fun brand image for its new beer, with the campaign theme “To Protect. To Pour. To Partake.” The company’s Beer Mode mobile app gives users who download it access to exclusive content, preselects messages to post on the users’ social media sites when they are spending time enjoying their beers, and provides users with the locations of retailers that sell NBB products. The company offers rewards to users for downloading the Beer Mode app, visiting the NBB website, sharing the website on social media networks, and attending NBB events. NEW BELGIUM ETHICAL CULTURE According to New Belgium, the company places great importance on the ethical culture of the brand. The company is aware that if it embraces citizenship in the communities it serves, it can forge enduring bonds with customers. More than ever before, what a brand says and what a company does must be synchronized. NBB believes that as the mandate for corporate social responsibility gains momentum, business managers must realize that business ethics is not so much about the installation of compliance codes and standards as it is about the spirit in which such codes and standards are integrated. The modern-day brand steward—usually the most externally focused of the business management team—must prepare to be the internal champion of the bottom-line necessity for ethical, values-driven company behavior. At New Belgium, a synergy of brand and values occurred naturally because the firm’s ethical culture (in the form of core values and beliefs) was in place long before NBB had a marketing department. Back in early 1991, when New Belgium was just a fledgling home-brewed business, Jeff Lebesch and Kim Jordan took a hike into Rocky Mountain National Park armed with a pen and a notebook. There they took their first stab at what

the company’s core purpose would be. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility If they were going forward with this venture, what were their aspirations beyond profitability? What was at the heart of their dream? What they wrote down that spring day, give or take a little editing, are the core values and beliefs you can read on the NBB website today. Since its inception, NBB adopted a triple-bottom-line (TBL) approach to business. Whereas the traditional bottom-line approach for measuring business success is economic, TBL incorporates economic, social, and environmental factors. In other words, rather than just looking at financial data to evaluate company success, NBB looks at its impact upon profits, people, and the planet. One way that it is advancing the TBL approach is through the creation of a high-involvement corporate culture. All employees at NBB are expected to contribute to the company vision, and accountability is spread throughout the organization. Just about any New Belgium worker can list many, if not all, of these shared values. For NBB, branding strategies are rooted in its company values.

New Belgium’s Purpose and Core Beliefs

New Belgium’s dedication to quality, the environment, its employees, and its customers is expressed in its mission statement: “To operate a profitable brewery which makes our love and talent manifest.” The company’s stated core values and beliefs about its role as an environmentally concerned and socially responsible brewer include the following:

Remembering that we are incredibly lucky to create something fine that enhances people’s lives while surpassing our consumers’ expectations.

Producing world-class beers.

Promoting beer culture and the responsible enjoyment of beer.

Kindling social, environmental, and cultural change as a business role model.

Environmental stewardship: minimizing resource consumption, maximizing energy efficiency, and recycling.

Cultivating potential through learning, participative management, and the pursuit of opportunities.

Balancing the myriad needs of the company, staff, and their families.

Trusting each other and committing ourselves to authentic relationships, communications, and promises.

Continuous, innovative quality and efficiency improvements.

Having Fun. Employees believe that these statements help communicate to customers and other stakeholders what New Belgium, as a company, is about. These simple values—developed roughly 25 years ago—are just as meaningful to the company and its customers today, even though there has been much growth.

Employee Concerns

Recognizing employees’ role in the company’s success, New Belgium provides many generous benefits for its employees. In addition to the usually paid health and dental insurance and retirement plans, employees get a catered lunch every month to celebrate employees’ birthdays as well as a free massage once a year, and they can bring their children and dogs to work. Employees who stay with the company for five years earn an all-expenses-paid trip to Belgium to “study beer culture.” Employees are also reimbursed for one hour of paid time off for every two hours of volunteer work that they perform. Perhaps most importantly, employees can also earn stock in the privately held corporation, which grants them a vote in company decisions. Employees currently own 100 percent of company stock. Open book management also allows employees to see the financial costs and performance of the company. Employees are provided with financial training so they can understand the books and ask questions about the numbers. New Belgium also wishes to get its employees involved not only in the company but in its sustainability efforts as well. To help their own sustainability efforts, employees are given a fat-tired cruiser bike after one year’s employment so they can ride to work instead of drive. An onsite recycling center is provided for employees. Additionally, each summer New Belgium hosts the Tour de Fat, where employees can dress in costumes and lead locals on a bike tour. Other company perks include inexpensive yoga classes, free beer at quitting time, and a climbing wall. To ensure that workers’ voices are heard, NBB has a democratically elected group of coworkers called POSSE. POSSE acts as a liaison between the board, managers, and employees. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

Sustainability Concerns

New Belgium’s marketing strategy involves linking the quality of its products, as well as its brand, with the company’s philosophy of environmental friendliness. As chair of the sustainability subcommittee for its trade group the Brewers Association, NBB is at the forefront in advancing eco-friendly business processes among companies in its industry. Co-workers and managers from all areas of the organization meet monthly to discuss sustainability ideas as part of NBB’s natural resource management team. From leading-edge environmental gadgets and high-tech industry advancements to employee-ownership programs and a strong belief in giving back to the community, New Belgium demonstrates its desire to create a living, learning community. NBB strives for cost-efficient energy-saving alternatives for conducting its business and reducing its impact on the environment. In staying true to the company’s core values and beliefs, the brewery’s employee-owners unanimously agreed to invest in a wind turbine, making New Belgium the first fully wind powered brewery in the United States. NBB has also invested in the following energy-saving technologies:

  • A smart grid installation that allows NBB to communicate with its electricity provider to conserve energy. For example, the smart grid alerts NBB to non-essential operational functions, allowing the company to turn them off and save power.
  • The installation of a 20-kilowatt photovoltaic array on top of the packaging hall. The array produces 3 percent of the company’s electricity.
  • A brew kettle, the second of its kind installed in the nation, which heats wort sheets instead of the whole kettle at once. This kettle heating method conserves energy more than standard kettles do.
  • Sun tubes, which provide natural daytime lighting throughout the brew house all year long.
  • A system to capture its waste water and extract methane from it. This can contribute up to 15 percent of the brewery’s power needs while reducing the strain on the local municipal water treatment facility.
  • A steam condenser that captures and reuses the hot water that boils the barley and hops in the production process to start the next brew. The steam is redirected to heat the floor tiles and de-ice the loading docks in cold weather.

In April 2014, New Belgium was featured in a half-page advertisement supporting the EPA clean water rule that was introduced on March 26, 2014. Andrew Lemley, New Belgium’s Government Relations Director, was quoted in an EPA news release championing continued support for the Clean Water Act while also associating quality water with quality beer. In addition to voicing political support for environmental protections, New Belgium also takes pride in reducing waste through recycling and creative reuse strategies. The company strives to recycle as many supplies as possible, including cardboard boxes, keg caps, office materials, and the amber glass used in bottling. The brewery also stores spent barley and hop grains in an on-premise silo and invites local farmers to pick up the grains, free of charge, to feed their pigs. Beyond the normal products that are recycled back into the food chain, NBB is working with partners to take the same bacteria that create methane from NBB wastewater and convert it into a harvestable, high-protein fish food. NBB also buys recycled products when it can, and even encourages its employees to reduce air pollution by using alternative transportation. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle—the three R’s of environmental stewardship—are taken seriously at NBB. The company has been a proud member of the environmental group Business for Innovative Climate & Energy Policy (BICEP), and it signed BICEP’s Climate Declaration in 2013 which calls for American businesses, stakeholders, and regulators to address climate change. Additionally, New Belgium has been a long-time participant in green building techniques. With each expansion of its facility, the company has incorporated new technologies and learned a few lessons along the way. In 2002 NBB agreed to participate in the United States Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environment Design for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB) pilot program. From sun tubes and day lighting throughout the facility to reusing heat in the brew house, NBB continues to search for new ways to close loops and conserve resources. New Belgium has made significant achievements in sustainability, particularly compared to other companies in the industry. For instance, New Belgium’s goal is to use only 3.5 gallons of water to make 1 gallon of beer, which is more than 20 percent less than most other companies. The company is attempting to create a closed-loop wastewater system with its own Process Water Treatment Plant, in which microbes are used to clean the wastewater. NBB recycles over 99.9 percent of its waste, and today 100 percent of its electricity comes from renewable energy sources. Despite these achievements, it has no intention of halting its sustainability efforts. By 2015 the company hopes to reduce its carbon emissions by 25 percent per barrel. To encourage sustainability throughout the supply chain, NBB adopted Sustainable Purchasing Guidelines. The Guidelines allow them to pinpoint and work closely with eco-friendly suppliers to create sustainability throughout the entire value chain. For its part, NBB conducts life-cycle analysis on its packaging components while continually seeking more efficient refrigeration and transportation technology that can be incorporated into its supply chain. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

Social Concerns

Beyond its use of environmentally friendly technologies and innovations, New Belgium also strives to improve communities and enhance people’s lives through corporate giving, event sponsorship, and philanthropic involvement. Since its inception, NBB has donated more than $7 million to philanthropic causes. For every barrel of beer sold the prior year, NBB donates $1 to philanthropic causes within its distribution territories. The donations

are divided between states in proportion to their percentage of overall sales. This is the company’s way of staying local and giving back to the communities that support and purchase NBB products. NBB also participates in One Percent for the Planet, a philanthropic network to which the company donates 1 percent of its sales. In addition, NBB employees also partnered with Habitat for Humanity to build a house for a family who had lost their home to a fire. Funding decisions are made by NBB’s Philanthropy Committee, which is comprised of employees throughout the brewery, including owners, employee–owners, area leaders, and production workers. NBB looks for nonprofit organizations that demonstrate creativity, diversity, and an innovative approach to their mission and objectives. The Philanthropy Committee also looks for groups that incorporate community involvement in their operations. Additionally, NBB maintains a community bulletin board in its facility and posts an array of community involvement activities and proposals. This community board allows tourists and employees to see the various opportunities to help out in the community, and it gives nonprofit organizations a chance to make their needs known. The NBB website also has a dedicated link where organizations can apply for grants. The company donates to causes with a particular emphasis on water conservation, sensible transportation and bike advocacy, sustainable agriculture, and youth environmental education, among other areas. NBB also sponsors a number of events, with a special focus on those that involve “human-powered” sports that cause minimal damage to the natural environment. Through event sponsorships, such as the Tour de Fat, NBB supports various environmental, social, and cycling nonprofit organizations. In the Tour de Fat, one participant hands over his or her car keys and vehicle title in exchange for an NBB commuter bike and trailer. The participant is then filmed for the world to see as he or she promotes sustainable transportation over driving. In the course of one year, New Belgium can be found at anywhere from 150 to 200 festivals and events across the nation. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

Organizational Success

New Belgium Brewing Company’s efforts to embody a sustainability-oriented business has paid off with a very loyal following—in fact, the company expanded the number of tours it offers of its facilities due to such high demand. The company has also been the recipient of numerous awards. Past awards for NBB include the Business Ethics Magazine’s Business Ethics Award for its “dedication to environmental excellence in every part of its innovative brewing process,” its inclusion in The Wall Street Journal’s 15 best small workplaces, and the award for “best mid-sized brewing company of the year” and best mid-sized brewmaster at the Great American Beer Festival. New Belgium has been awarded medals for three different brews: Abbey Belgian Style Ale, Blue Paddle Pilsner, and La Folie specialty ale. Many applaud New Belgium Brewing Company’s sustainability and philanthropic initiatives. According to David Edgar, former director of the Institute for Brewing Studies at the Brewers Association in Boulder, Colorado, “They’ve created a very positive image for their company in the beer-consuming public with smart decision-making.” Although some members of society do not believe that a company whose major product is alcohol can be socially responsible, NBB has set out to prove that for those who make a choice to drink responsibly, the company can do everything possible to contribute to society. NBB also promotes the responsible appreciation of beer through its participation in and support of the culinary arts. For instance, it frequently hosts New Belgium Beer Dinners, in which every course of the meal is served with a complementary culinary treat. Although NBB has made great strides in creating a socially responsible brand image, its work is not done. It must continually reexamine its ethical, social, and environmental responsibilities. In 2004 it received the Environmental Protection Agency’s regional Environmental Achievement Award. It was both an honor and a motivator for the company to continue its socially responsible goals. After all, there are still many ways for NBB to improve as a corporate citizen. For example, although all electric power comes from renewable sources, the NBB plant is still heated in part by using natural gas. Furthermore, continued expansion requires longer travel distances to distribute its products, which increases the use of fossil fuels. Perhaps as a way to deal with these longer distances and expand production capacity, NBB opened a second brewery in Asheville, North Carolina, in 2015. In addition to addressing logistical challenges, NBB is part of an industry where there is always a need for more public dialogue on avoiding alcohol abuse. Practically speaking, the company has a never-ending to-do list. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility

NBB executives acknowledge that as its annual sales increase, the company will face increasing challenges to remain committed on a human level while also being culturally authentic. Indeed, how to boldly grow the brand while maintaining its perceptions of a humble feel has always been a challenge. Additionally, reducing waste to an even greater extent will require more effort on behalf of managers and employees, creating the need for a collaborative process that will require the dedication of both parties toward sustainability. NBB also faces increased competition from other craft breweries. It remains behind D.G. Yuengling and Son, Boston Beer Co. (maker of Samuel Adams beer), and Sierra Nevada in market share. Like NBB, Boston Beer Co. and Sierra Nevada have plans to expand. Boston Beer allocated $35 million for capital investment projects at breweries in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Ohio in 2012. NBB must also compete against craft beer alternatives released by traditional breweries, such as MillerCoor’s New Moon Belgian White. It must constantly engage in environmental scanning and competitive analysis to compete in this increasingly competitive environment. Every six-pack of New Belgium Beer displays the phrase “In this box is our labor of love. We feel incredibly lucky to be creating something fine that enhances people’s lives.” Although Jeff Lebesch and Kim Jordan are divorced and Lebesch has left the company to focus on other interests, the founders of New Belgium hope this statement captures the spirit of the company. NBB’s most important asset is its image—a corporate brand that stands for quality, responsibility, and concern for society. New Belgium Brewing Ethical and Environmental Responsibility .Defining itself as more than a beer company, the brewer also sees itself as a caring organization that is concerned for all stakeholders.

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION

  • What environmental issues does the New Belgium Brewing Company work to address? How has NBB taken a strategic approach to addressing these issues? Why do you think the company has taken such a strong stance toward sustainability?

  • Do you agree that New Belgium’s focus on social responsibility provides a key competitive advantage for the company? Why or why not?

  • Some segments of society contend that companies that sell alcoholic beverages and tobacco products cannot be socially responsible organizations because of the nature of their primary products. Do you believe that New Belgium’s actions and initiatives are indicative of a socially responsible corporation? Why or why not?

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Star Chevrolet Co v Green Kevin Green paid $4600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet

Please answer the essay questions in detail with citing of the following chapters.

Chapter 13 assignment- Essay question 1,2, 4,5- page 314

Chapter 15, assignment: Essay question 2,3,4,5 page 354

Star Chevrolet Co. v. Green Kevin Green paid $4,600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet

Discussion

Star Chevrolet Co. v. Green

Star Chevrolet Co v Green Kevin Green paid $4600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet
Facts: Kevin Green paid $4,600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet. When the car blew a gasket, the dealer refused to give Kevin his money back. Kevin repaired the car himself and drove it on the highway, where it was wrecked. Kevin sued Star, and the trial court awarded him the full price of the car, because he was a minor when he bought it. Star appealed.
Issue: Is Kevin Green entitled to disaffirm the contract even though the Camaro has been destroyed?
Holding: The appeals court affirmed judgment for Green but reduced the award to $3,100, based on the car’s salvage value. A minor may disaffirm a contract. He is required to return the consideration only if it is still in his possession. If the minor has wasted, squandered, or otherwise destroyed the consideration, he need not return it and is still entitled to his money back.

1. Question: Star Chevrolet either did not know that Green was entitled to his money back, or knew but refused to honor it. Why was that a particularly costly mistake by Star?
2. Question: Kevin Green knew that he was a minor. Why should he be allowed to make an agreement, wreck a car, and then get his money back?

Please answer the essay questions in detail with citing of the following chapters.

Chapter 13 assignment- Essay question 1,2, 4,5- page 314

Chapter 15, assignment: Essay question 2,3,4,5 page 354

Discussion

Star Chevrolet Co. v. Green

Star Chevrolet Co v Green Kevin Green paid $4600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet
Facts: Kevin Green paid $4,600 cash for a used Camaro from Star Chevrolet. When the car blew a gasket, the dealer refused to give Kevin his money back. Kevin repaired the car himself and drove it on the highway, where it was wrecked. Kevin sued Star, and the trial court awarded him the full price of the car, because he was a minor when he bought it. Star appealed.
Issue: Is Kevin Green entitled to disaffirm the contract even though the Camaro has been destroyed?
Holding: The appeals court affirmed judgment for Green but reduced the award to $3,100, based on the car’s salvage value. A minor may disaffirm a contract. He is required to return the consideration only if it is still in his possession. If the minor has wasted, squandered, or otherwise destroyed the consideration, he need not return it and is still entitled to his money back.
1. Question: Star Chevrolet either did not know that Green was entitled to his money back, or knew but refused to honor it. Why was that a particularly costly mistake by Star?
2. Question: Kevin Green knew that he was a minor. Why should he be allowed to make an agreement, wreck a car, and then get his money back?

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Fin 435 Case Study Arcadian Microarray Technologies

This case written assignment is on Arcadian Microarray Technologies, In. (Case 44).

Report Requirements:

  • Cover sheet with case name, date, team number and team members;
  • One or two page written report analyzing questions given; and
  • Exhibit with any financials, ratios, charts/graphs that you address in your report.

 Fin 435 Case Study Arcadian Microarray Technologies

Your analysis should cover the following concerns:

  1. Regarding the cash flow forecasts in case Exhibit 5, at what point in the future would you set the forecast horizon for the three investments? Why? More generally, what should determine whenyou stop forecasting annual cash flows and estimate a terminal value?

  2. Estimate other terminal values based on alternate estimation approaches. From these various estimates, please triangulate toward a single composite estimate of terminal value for each of Sierra Capital and Arcadian’s forecasts.

  3. What is the resulting present value (PV) of cash flows under Sierra Capital and Arcadian’s outlook?

  4. How significant was TV in creating the difference between the two present value estimates?

  5. As a general matter in valuation work, how much attention should terminal value garner? What short list of questions about TV could you keep on hand in case a client asked you to opine on a valuation of that company? Fin 435 Case Study Arcadian Microarray Technologies

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Fin 435 Case Study Arcadian Microarray Technologies

This case written assignment is on Arcadian Microarray Technologies, In. (Case 44).

Report Requirements:

  • Cover sheet with case name, date, team number and team members;
  • One or two page written report analyzing questions given; and
  • Exhibit with any financials, ratios, charts/graphs that you address in your report.

Fin 435 Case Study Arcadian Microarray Technologies

Your analysis should cover the following concerns:

  1. Regarding the cash flow forecasts in case Exhibit 5, at what point in the future would you set the forecast horizon for the three investments? Why? More generally, what should determine whenyou stop forecasting annual cash flows and estimate a terminal value?
  2. Estimate other terminal values based on alternate estimation approaches. From these various estimates, please triangulate toward a single composite estimate of terminal value for each of Sierra Capital and Arcadian’s forecasts.
  3. What is the resulting present value (PV) of cash flows under Sierra Capital and Arcadian’s outlook?
  4. How significant was TV in creating the difference between the two present value estimates?
  5. As a general matter in valuation work, how much attention should terminal value garner? What short list of questions about TV could you keep on hand in case a client asked you to opine on a valuation of that company?

Get assignment help from our qualified and proficient essay writers. We deliver quality and plagiarism-free papers within your set deadline. Use our professional writing service and receive: ✓High-Quality Papers ✓Plagiarism Free papers ✓Punctual Delivery ✓24/7 Support  


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International Business Decision Making Starting an International Business

 Assignment 1: Discussion Questions—International Business Decision Making

The various factors impacting international business may be brought together into a process for evaluating international business opportunities. Choosing the right mode of entry is the next step.

Research evaluation of business opportunities and modes of entry using your textbook,  University online library resources, and the Internet. Respond to the following:

  • Explain how a business can assess international business opportunities giving examples. Do you think the size of the company matters in assessing an international business opportunity? Give reasons for your answer.

  • In your opinion, what would be the single most effective way for a potential international business to gain entry into an international market? What are the apparent risks of the mode of entry you recommend? For at least one other mode of entry, explain why it would be less effective compared to the one you chose.

International Business Decision Making Starting an International Business

Write your response in 400 words or less. Apply current APA standards for writing style to your work. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

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Assignment 2: Presentation—Starting an International Business

Business decisions are not made on a hunch or some vague idea of a good place to do business. Professionals assess business opportunities and modes of entry to choose the best alternative.

Research the topic using your textbook,  University online library resources, and the Internet. Based on your research, develop a presentation. Your role is of an educational specialist in international business and your audience is a group of middle managers.

Discuss the following in your presentation:

  • Steps to analyzing international business opportunities with specifics of what is involved in each step

  • Alternative methods for gaining entry into an international business opportunity or market

Submit your work in a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation. Use the speaker notes area to write the information supporting the slides. Apply current APA standards for writing style to your work. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources. International Business Decision Making Starting an International Business

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BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT 8 QUESTIONS
Please post your answers in detail to:

Chapter 2 assignment : Essay questions with citing.

#1,2,3,4- page 47

BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT 8 QUESTIONS

Chapter 5 assignment: Essay questions 1,2,3,4 page 132-133

1. The Senate recently released a report on wrongdoing at JP Morgan Chase. It found that bank executives lied to investors and the public. Also, traders, with the knowledge of top management, changed risk limits to facilitate more trading and then violated even these higher limits. Executives revalued the bank’s investment portfolio to reduce apparent losses.

JP Morgan’s internal investigation failed to find this wrongdoing. Into what ethics traps did these JP Morgan employees fall? What options did the executives and traders have for dealing with this wrongdoing?

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2. Located in Bath, Maine, Bath Iron Works builds high tech warships for the Navy. Winning Navy contracts is crucial to the company’s success—it means jobs for the community and profits for the shareholders. Navy officials held a meeting at Bath’s offices with its executives and those of a competitor to review the specs for an upcoming bid. Both companies desperately wanted to win the contract. After the meeting, a Bath worker realized that one of the Navy officials had left a folder on a chair labeled: “Business Sensitive.” It contained information about the competitors’ bid that would be a huge advantage to Bath.BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT 8 QUESTIONS

William Haggett, the Bath CEO, was notified about the file just as he was walking out the door to give a luncheon speech. What should he do? What pitfalls did he face? What result if he considered Mill, Kant, or the FrontPage test?

3. A group of medical schools conducted a study on very premature babies—those born between 24 and 27 weeks of gestation (instead of the normal 40 weeks). These children face a high risk of blindness and death. The goal of the study was to determine which level of oxygen in a baby’s incubator produced the best results. Before enrolling families in the study, the investigators did not tell them that being in the study could increase their child’s risk of blindness or death.

The study made some important discoveries: the level at which too much oxygen increased the risk of blindness and level at which too little increased the risk of death. What would Mill and Kant say about this decision not to tell the families?

4. Because Raina processes payroll at her company, she knows how much everyone earns, including the top executives. This information could make for some good gossip, but she has kept it all completely secret. She just found out, however, that her boss knew that it is against company policy for her to do payroll for C-level employees. Yesterday, the CEO went to her boss to confirm that he, the boss, was personally doing the processing for top management. Her boss lied to the CEO and said that he was.

Then he begged Raina not to tell the truth if the CEO checked with her. Raina just got a message that the CEO wants to see her. What does she say if he asks about the payroll?

1. YOU BE THE JUDGE WRITING PROBLEM Scott Fane was a CPA licensed to practice in New Jersey and Florida. He built his New Jersey practice by making unsolicited phone calls to executives. When he moved to Florida, the Board of Accountancy there prohibited him (and all CPAs) from personally soliciting new business. Fane sued. Does the First Amendment force Florida to forgo foreclosing Fane’s phoning? Argument for Fane: The Florida regulation violates the First Amendment, which protects commercial speech. Fane was not saying anything false or misleading, but was just trying to secure business. This is an unreasonable regulation, designed to keep newcomers out of the marketplace and maintain steady business and high prices for established CPAs. Argument for the Florida Board of Accountancy: Commercial speech deserves—and gets—a lower level of protection than other speech. This regulation is a reasonable method of ensuring that the level of CPA work in our state remains high. CPAs who personally solicit clients are obviously in need of business. They are more likely to bend legal and ethical rules to obtain clients and keep them happy, and will lower the standards throughout the state.BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT 8 QUESTIONS

2. President George H. W. Bush insisted that he had the power to send American troops into combat in the Middle East, without congressional assent. Yet before authorizing force in Operation Desert Storm, he secured congressional authorization. President Bill Clinton stated that he was prepared to invade Haiti without a congressional vote.

Yet he bargained hard to avoid an invasion, and ultimately American troops entered without the use of force. Why the seeming doubletalk by both Presidents?

3. In the landmark 1965 case of Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court examined a Connecticut statute that made it a crime for any person to use contraception. The majority declared the law an unconstitutional violation of the right of privacy. Justice Black dissented, saying, “I do not to any extent whatever base my view that this Connecticut law is constitutional on a belief that the law is wise or that its policy is a good one. [It] is every bit as offensive to me as it is to the majority.BUSINESS LAW ASSIGNMENT 8 QUESTIONS

[There is no criticism by the majority of this law] to which I cannot subscribe—except their conclusion that the evil qualities they see in the law make it unconstitutional.” What legal doctrines are involved here? Why did Justice Black distinguish between his personal views on the statute and the power of the Court to overturn it?

4. Gilleo opposed American participation in the war in the Persian Gulf. She displayed a large sign on her front lawn that read, “Say No to War in the Persian Gulf, Call Congress Now.” The city of Ladue prohibited signs on front lawns and Gilleo sued. The city claimed that it was regulating “time, place, and manner.” Explain that statement, and decide who should win.

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Create Your Ideal State
Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:
Textbook: Chapter 15, 16, 17
Magstadt, T. M. (2017). Understanding politics: Ideas, institutions, and issues. Australia: Cengage Learning.
Lesson
Instructions

  •  Your country just overthrew its dictator, and you are the newly elected President. Unfortunately, due to the divisions in the country and the years of war, economic, military, and political structures are non-existent.
  •  A group of loyalists to the old dictator have been detonating bombs, murdering civilians, assassinating leaders, and terrorizing towns with help from a neighboring country’s dictator.
  •  Create a comprehensive plan for your new government. While creating this government identify the governing style, functions of various branches of government, principles that govern leaders, the maintaining of public good, which economic structure is most beneficial to your citizens, at least two domestic programs, ways to create national unity, ways to combat terrorism and violence, and international organizations to join. (See rubric for specific ways to meet the requirements of the paper.) Create Your Ideal State

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Paper headings:
Introduction (1 paragraph)
Introduce your country
Briefly outline all of the parts of the paper
Domestic Concerns (1-2 pages)
Identify governing style and principles that correlate to this style
Identify the branches of government and its functions
Development of two public good domestic programs and how they will meet the public good
Economic structure and reason why this should be used
Socializing citizens is noted with rationale for how it creates national unity
Foreign Concerns (1-2 pages)
Two international organizations are noted, one for economics and one for security
Descriptions of both organizations
Rationales for joining these organizations
Steps to joining
Two ways your country will combat the neighboring country’s terrorist threat and the domestic threat
Two ways these will be effective. Create Your Ideal State
Conclusion (1 paragraph)
Summarize information
Writing Requirements (APA format)
Length: 3-4 pages (not including title page or references page)
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources)
Grading Create Your Ideal State
This activity will be graded based on the essay rubric.
Course Outcomes (CO): 8, 9
Due Date: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday
Rubric
Week 7 Assignment: Essay – Creating Your Ideal State
Week 7 Assignment: Essay – Creating Your Ideal State
Criteria RatingsPts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Governing style and principles of the government.
20.0 pts
The governing style is understandable and the principles support the choice of the governing style.
16.0 pts
The governing style is unclear, the principles are unclear, or the governing style and principles do not support each other. Create Your Ideal State
12.0 pts
Missing one part of the governing style and principles.
0.0 pts
Missing both parts of the governing style and principles.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Branches of government and its functions.
20.0 pts
Explains each branch of government and the function of the particular branch and how they support the governing style. Create Your Ideal State
16.0 pts
The branches of government and their functions do not match, or the branches are discussed without talking about their functions AND how they support the governing style.
12.0 pts
Only minimally discusses branches, and their functions or the branches do not support the governing style chosen.
0.0 pts
Does not discuss the branches and their functions.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Maintaining public good through at least two domestic programs. Create Your Ideal State
20.0 pts
Two domestic programs are created clearly explaining how public good is maintained with these programs.
16.0 pts
Two domestic programs are noted, but it’s unclear how they benefis the public good.
12.0 pts
Only one domestic program is noted, or it is unclear how the public good is maintained.
0.0 pts
No domestic program is noted.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Economic structure
15.0 pts
The economic structure is named and supports the governing style with a rationale for using the structure. Create Your Ideal State
12.0 pts
The economic structure is named and supports the governing style, but the rationale is unclear.
9.0 pts
The economic structure is named but does not support the governing style, and the rationale is unclear.
0.0 pts
The economic structure is not addressed.
15.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Political socializing to create national unity
15.0 pts
There is at least one method the new government will use to socialize citizens to create national unity and rationales for using these methods. Create Your Ideal State
12.0 pts
The method described will create national unity, but rationale is not provided.
9.0 pts
The method described will not create national unity and rationale is not provided.
0.0 pts
No method for national unity is addressed.
15.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome International organizations
25.0 pts
At least two different international organizations, one economic and one for security, were identified with brief descriptions of the purposes of these organizations and steps on how to join.
20.0 pts
Only one international organization is noted, obut descriptions and rationale are unclear andit is nclear on the steps to join.
15.0 pts
Only one international organization was noted and no rationales and descriptions were given.
0.0 pts
International organizations were not addressed. Create Your Ideal State
25.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Combatting terrorism and violence
25.0 pts
Two ways were offered to combat terrorism and violence (one to deal with international threat and one with domestic).Effective rationale for solutions were offered.
20.0 pts
Two ways were offered to combat terrorism and violence (one to deal with international threat and one with domestic). Effective rationale for one or both solutions were not offered.
15.0 pts
Only one way to combat violence and sound rationale on why to use that solution was offered.
0.0 pts
Ways to combat violence is not noted.
25.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Scholarly resources
10.0 pts
Uses both the book and, at least, one outside scholarly source.
8.0 pts
Uses only the book or a scholarly source.
6.0 pts
Uses only a scholarly source and the source is not scholarly.
0.0 pts
Does not use the book or scholarly source. Create Your Ideal State
10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome APA
5.0 pts
All sources are properly cited and referenced according to APA standards.
4.0 pts
Sources are either properly cited or referenced, missing one of those elements.
3.0 pts
The citation and/or reference are incorrect.
0.0 pts
No APA format was used.
5.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Writing
5.0 pts
Presents information using clear and concise language in an organized manner (minimal errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation).
4.0 pts
Presents information using understandable language but is somewhat disorganized (some errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation).
3.0 pts
Presents information using understandable language but is very disorganized (many errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation).
0.0 pts
Presents information that is not clear, logical, professional or organized to the point that the reader has difficulty understanding the message (numerous errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and/or punctuation). Create Your Ideal State
5.0 pts
Total Points: 160.0

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Ideal Citizen In A Totalitarian Government
Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:
Textbook: Chapter 6, 10
Magstadt, T. M. (2017). Understanding politics: Ideas, institutions, and issues. Australia: Cengage Learning.
Lesson

Ideal Citizen In A Totalitarian Government

Instructions
Aristotle defined tyranny as an illegitimate form of government by one individual that tightly controlled every part of life and government. Adolf Hitler is the most notorious tyrant.

Using a totalitarian society from the past or present, discuss how the state and its leader attempt to impede citizens from exercising their rights. In your discussion, explain some components of an “ideal citizen,” consequences of voter apathy, and ways the state controls the citizen.

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Writing Requirements (APA format)
Length: 1.5-2 pages (not including title page or references page)
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources)
Grading
This activity will be graded based on the essay rubric.
Course Outcomes (CO): 1
Due Date: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday
Rubric
Week 5 Assignment: Essay – Ideal Citizen in a Totalitarian Government
Week 5 Assignment: Essay – Ideal Citizen in a Totalitarian Government
Criteria RatingsPts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Actual case study of a country.
20.0 pts
Uses a historical or contemporary example of a totalitarian country
16.0 pts
There is a totalitarian country, but it is not real.
12.0 pts
There is a country, but it is not totalitarian.
0.0 pts
There is no country mentioned.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Control by a totalitarian leader
20.0 pts
Describes the three ways, violence, propaganda, and scapegoating, that leaders use to keep control in the country. Ideal Citizen In A Totalitarian Government
16.0 pts
Only two of the tactics of totalitarian leaders are described.
12.0 pts
Only one of the tactics of totalitarian leaders are described.
0.0 pts
How a totalitarian leaders keeps control is not addressed.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Citizens in the country.
20.0 pts
States and describes two ways of stopping a totalitarian regime by using political socialization, civil disobedience, resist propaganda. Discusses voter apathy.
16.0 pts
States and describes one way of stopping a totalitarian regime by using political socialization, civil disobedience, resist propaganda. Discusses voter apathy. Ideal Citizen In A Totalitarian Government
12.0 pts
States and describes one way of stopping a totalitarian regime by using political socialization, civil disobedience, resist propaganda. Does not discuss voter apathy.
0.0 pts
Does not address the concepts.
20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Scholarly resources
10.0 pts
Uses both the book and, at least, one outside scholarly source.
8.0 pts
Uses only the book or a scholarly source.
6.0 pts
Uses only a scholarly source and the source is not scholarly.
0.0 pts
Does not use the book or scholarly source.
10.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome APA
5.0 pts
All sources are properly cited and referenced according to APA standards.
4.0 pts
Sources are either properly cited or referenced, missing one of those elements.
3.0 pts
The citation and/or reference are incorrect.
0.0 pts
No APA format was used.
5.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Writing
5.0 pts
Presents information using clear and concise language in an organized manner (minimal errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation).
4.0 pts
Presents information using understandable language but is somewhat disorganized (some errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation).
3.0 pts
Presents information using understandable language but is very disorganized (many errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation). Ideal Citizen In A Totalitarian Government
0.0 pts
Presents information that is not clear, logical, professional or organized to the point that the reader has difficulty understanding the message (numerous errors in English grammar, spelling, syntax, and/or punctuation).
5.0 pts
Total Points: 80.0

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Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

In a formal paper of 1,000-1,250 words you will discuss the work of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Committee Initiative on the Future of Nursing and the Institute of Medicine research that led to the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Identify the importance of the IOM “Future of Nursing” report related to nursing practice, nursing education and nursing workforce development. What is the role of state-based action coalitions and how do they advance goals of the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action?

Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

Explore the Campaign for Action webpage (you may need to research your state’s website independently if it is not active on this site): http://campaignforaction.org/states

Review your state’s progress report by locating your state and clicking on one of the six progress icons for: education, leadership, practice, interpersonal collaboration, diversity, and data. You can also download a full progress report for your state by clicking on the box located at the bottom of the webpage.

In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words:

  1. Discuss the work of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Committee Initiative on the Future of Nursing and the Institute of Medicine research that led to the IOM report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.”

  2. Identify the importance of the IOM “Future of Nursing” report related to nursing practice, nursing education and nursing workforce development.

  3. What is the role of state-based action coalitions and how do they advance goals of the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action? Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

Summarize two initiatives spearheaded by your state’s action coalition. In what ways do these initiatives advance the nursing profession? What barriers to advancement currently exist in your state? How can nursing advocates in your state overcome these barriers? Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

A minimum of three scholarly references are required for this assignment.

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RUBRICS

Provided an original summary of the key messages of the IOM report, Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Any specific references should be cited.

  1.  Identify the role of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative and the American Association of Retired Persons on the Future of Nursing Campaign for Action and the State-Based Action Coalitions
  2. Identify the importance of the IOM FON report related to the nursing workforce
  3. Discuss the intent of the Future of Nursing Campaign for Action
  4.  Identify the rationale of state-based action coalitions
  5.  Discuss one state-based action coalition and two initiatives

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IOM FUTURE OF NURSING REPORT

Implementation of the IOM Future of Nursing Report

IOM Report: Future of Nursing Report

The paper discusses about the IOM report, role of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) and the State Based Action Coalitions, the nursing workforce, the purpose of the campaign for action and Indiana State action coalition with its two initiatives.

Nursing is a broad field, which includes a widespread of different aspects like prevention of diseases, management of treatment; marketing healthy lives and the ability to provide analgesic care to patients as needed. As the front line caregiver in health care setting, nurses are given a fundamental role, thus aware of the best quality and patient safety. However, the challenges need to be tackled to ensure that nurses can take on leadership in creating innovative renovations in health care. Therefore, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) started a two-year program in 2008 to generate a report which would assessed and make recommendations for the betterment of future nursing profession. The key messages of the IOM report are divided into three significant aspects- repetition, training, and leadership; another significant aspect is also to collect extensive data on the health care industry in order to analyze the data and create essential changes to the health care industry, and to the health care personals career.

The Role of the RWJF, AARP, and the State Based Action Coalitions

The Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action, synchronized through the Center to Champion Nursing in America (CCNA), an initiative of AARP, the AARP Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) are working together for the transformation of health care system through nursing and endorse implementation of recommendations in the IOM report, ‘The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health’. Moreover, they assemble alliances embodying nurses, health care providers, consumers, educators, business, and government persons to ensure the fulfillment of the recommendations and thus, all Americans will receive the high quality medical treatments. Action Coalitions are the dynamic strength of the operation, which includes set guidelines for research, follow lessons learned and recognize replicable model (Nursezone.com, 2015). Actions coalitions has been appointed to a widespread of twenty-one state based associations, among them, The Connecticut Nursing Collaborative-Action Coalition (CNC-AC) is working to develop a healthier community in Connecticut with the coalition of nursing workforce and group of individuals. CNC-AC is working to form a widely diverse nursing workforce and leadership aptitude, encourage the nursing education and collection of data to ensure the fulfillment of healthcare needs in the state (CNC-AC, 2016).

The IOM Report Related to the Nursing Workforce

Nursing workforce has always been the backbone and largest part of the health care system. The IOM report on the nursing workforce was focused on multiple concerns and emphasizes the comprehensive, widespread prospects for nurses to mold and adapt their current careers to their future and for them to lead the health care force. “The IOM report’s recommendations and key messages have the potential to create even more change in a health care environment that is constantly evolving and integrating new practices and technology into patient care based on best evidence”(Institute of Medicine. Report Brief, 2010). Nurses are only limited to follow the directions and decisions which are already being made however; they have the potential to lead the health care system. If given the opportunities they will come up with the innovative ways to lead the change and advance the health care system. Thus, the IOM report has made some recommendations for workplace development, education, and the actual practice within nursing. Specific recommendations include removal of barriers for practice, enlargement and growth for a pervasive array of leadership position for nurses, the creation of a nursing residency programs, increasing the quantity of higher educated nurses (baccalaureate degree), increasing the overall quantity of nurses to result in a 2:1 nurses to physicians ratio, lifelong learning and enabling nurses to take on leadership and advocate for changes in innovative medicine, collection and analysis of inter professional health care (Institute of Medicine. Report Brief, 2010) Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

The purpose of Campaign for Action

The key goal of the Future of Nursing Campaign for Action is to “to promote implementation of recommendations in the Institute of Medicine report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health” (Future of Nursing | Campaign for Action, n.d.). And this campaign believe in a health care system in which nurses are essential partners in providing and supporting health care to all the Americans to lead a healthier life. Campaign for Action aims to revolutionize the health care system of America using nursing as a tool through practice, education and leadership. In order to meet their purpose and progress, the Campaign takes following approaches:

  • Enriching and advocating for innovative changes within education
  • Bolstering leadership in nursing
  • Removal of all impediments towards treatment and care
  • Supporting and advocating for teamwork and collaborations within inter- professional settings
  • Fostering cultural diversity
  • Strengthening workforce data (Future of Nursing | Campaign for Action, n.d).

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The Rationale of State-based Action Coalitions

“Action Coalitions”, an incentive at the local and state levels, is the name assigned by the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action which includes the different state-based collaborators to ensure that nurses can practice utilizing all capabilities and input the highest quality health care. State-based action coalitions form a strong network of individuals from states and national organizations and work to make and maintain the advancement in health care (Theamericannurse.org, n.d.).  “State-based Action Coalitions consisting of panel of leaders, co-leaders and members will discuss the structure and process that various states have developed to collaborate on implementing IOM recommendations based on unique state needs and these action coalitions are built to effect long-term sustainable change at the local, state and regional level” (Newcareersinnursing.org, n.d.).

Indiana Action Coalition and its two Initiatives

Indiana Action Coalition (IAC) was established in March 2011 through a joint venture between the Indiana Center for Nursing (ICN) and the Indiana Area Health Education Centers with the rationale of implementing IOM’s recommendations across Indiana, concentrating specifically on education for nurses, nursing practices, safety concerning patients and inter professional education (Ic4n.org, n.d.). IAC is supported through the RWJF and AARP. Its two initiatives are: Implementation Of The Iom Future Of Nursing Report

  1. Access to care: By collaborating and communicating with over 30 healthcare organizations across Indiana for the first time, on October 31, 2013, the Access to Care Discussion was able to generate ideas and on improving the utilization of resources so that all people can get easy access to healthcare.
  2. Scholarship programs: To support the future nurses, IAC has raised over 1 million dollars which will be awarded as scholarships to train and educate nurses at both undergraduate and graduate level so that they can be better prepared for the complex and diverse settings (Ic4n.org, n.d.).

To conclude, RWJF and IOM initiation and recommendations for the advancement and the renovation of nation’s health care industry through the nursing program plays a crucial role as nursing profession has the potential to affect many aspects in the health care system and also possesses many challenges. Moreover, Future of Nursing Campaign for Action and its key part state-based action coalition is a collaborative effort to implement the recommendations made by IOM and to improve and shape nurse-based advances to expand the quality and method from which Americans currently receive health care.

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Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What Details Did The Patient Provide Regarding Her Personal And Medical History

Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What Details Did The Patient Provide Regarding Her Personal And Medical History

  • Select a patient that you examined as a nurse practitioner student during the last three weeks of clinical on OB/GYN Issue. With this patient in mind, address the following in a SOAP Note 1 OR 2 PAGES :
  • Subjective: What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history ?
  • Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history ?
  • Objective: What observations did you make during the physical assessment?
  • Assessment: What were your differential diagnoses? Provide a minimum of three possible diagnoses. List them from highest priority to lowest priority. What was your primary diagnosis and why?
  • Plan: What was your plan for diagnostics and primary diagnosis? What was your plan for treatment and management, including alternative therapies? Include pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, alternative therapies, and follow-up parameters for this patient , as well as a rationale for this treatment and management plan.

Very Important:  Reflection notes: What would you do differently in a similar patient evaluation?

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Reference

Gagan, M. J. (2009). The SOAP format enhances communication. Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand, 15(5), 15.

Tharpe, N. L., Farley, C., & Jordan, R. G. (2013). Clinical practice guidelines for midwifery & Women’s health (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Chapter 6, “Care of the Well Woman Across the Life Span” ,“Care of the Woman Interested in Barrier Methods of Birth Control” (pp. 275–278)

Chapter 7, “Care of the Woman with Reproductive Health Problems”

“Care of the Woman with Dysmenorrhea” (pp. 366–368)

“Care of the Woman with Premenstrual Symptoms, Syndrome (PMS), or Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)” (pp. 414–418) Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

Running head: Week 3 soap note 1

Week 3 soap note 2

Week 3 Soap Note: Bacterial Vaginosis

NURS 6551, Section 8, Primary Care of Women

Week 3 Soap Note: Bacterial Vaginosis

Patient Initials: WJ Age: 22 Gender: Female

SUBJECTIVE DATA:

Chief Complaint: “I have vaginal itching with discharge and foul odor for the past one week ”

History of Present Illness: WJ is a 26-year-old Hispanic American female who presented to the clinic with complaint of vaginal itching with thin, gray vaginal discharge. Patient reported that the vaginal discharge has a strong foul, fishy odor, and the vaginal odor was particularly strong with a fishy smell after sex for the past one week. Patient stated that she has burning on urination, but denied fever, chills, nausea or vomiting. She reported that she decided to see a health care provider because she could not tolerate the odor, burning and discharge anymore. Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

Location: Vaginal

Duration: One week.

Quality: Itching, gray vaginal discharge; strong foul odor with fishy smell

Radiation: None

Severity: 8/10 on a scale of 1 to 10.

Timing/Onset: One week ago, but worse in the past 2 days.

Alleviating Factors: None

Aggravating Factors: sexual intercourse

Relieving Factors: Sitz bath

Treatments/Therapies: None except warm sitz bath

Medications: None

Allergy: No known drug or food allergy.

Past Medical History: None

Past Surgical History: None

GYN History: LMP 06/09/2016; last Pap smear 05/2016; result: WNL; menarche 12; cycle 5 days; age of first intercourse 18 year; number of partners one; no contraceptive, heterosexual.

OB History: Gravida: 0 Para: 0

Personal/Social History: Single; denied recreational drug/alcohol use. Lives alone. Sexually active.

Immunizations: up to date with vaccination; positive influenza vaccine in November 2015. Negative Pneumococcal vaccine.

Family History: Diabetes: father; hypertension: Mother; both parents still living .

Review of Systems:

General: Patient appeared well nourished; active, denied change in weight .

HEENT: Patient denies headache or head injury, wears contact lenses, denies nasal/sinus congestion or drainage. Denies hearing problem, tinnitus or vertigo. H e reports that he had his dental exam within the last 6 months, and denies any bleeding gums, gingivitis or ulceration lesions; denies chewing or swallowing problem.

Neck: Denies neck pain, tenderness, swelling, or neck injury.

Respiration: Denies difficulty breathing, cough or coughing up blood, or dyspnea at rest .

Cardiovascular: Denies chest pain, SOB, palpitations, edema, arrhythmias, and heart murmur. Gastrointestinal: Denies abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or changes in bowel/bladder regularities. Admits good appetite.

Peripheral Vascular: denies any peripheral vascular problem .

Urinary: Reports burning on urination, denies back pain, frequency, blood in the urine.

GYN: Reports vaginal itching with thin, gray vaginal discharge. Reports vaginal discharge with strong foul, fishy odor; reports vaginal odor particularly strong with a fishy smell after sex, denies STDs.

Musculoskeletal: Denies joint pains, joint stiffness, or problem with joints range of motion.

Psychiatry: Denies anxiety, depression, mood changes, and mental health. Denies any suicidal ideation or attempt.

Neurological: Denies memory loss, dizziness, tingling/numbness, falls, and seizures.

Integument/Hematology/Lymph: Denies bruising easilyskin rashes, dryness, itching, skin lesions and cancer. Denies any clotting or bleeding disorders. Denies transfusion reaction.

Endocrine: Denies diabetes, thyroid problem, heat or cold intolerance.

Allergic/Immunologic: Denies allergic rhinitis, denies immune deficiencies. Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

OBJECTIVE DATA

Physical Exam:

General: Alert and oriented. Appeared well-groomed. Patient does not appeared to be in any acute distress. Vital signs: B/P 116/74, left arm, sitting; P 76; RR 18; SPO2 100% RA. Weight 132 pounds, BMI 20.53, Height 65 inches.

HEAD: Head round and symmetry, no lesions, bumps, nodules, or injury noted.

EENT: PERRLA, clear conjunctiva and sclera; hearing intact bilateral; TMs visualized, pearly grey; clear nasal passage, normal turbinates, septal deviation absent. Oral mucosa pink and moist .

Neck: thyroid supple, midline trachea, no thyromegaly or lymphadenopathy

Chest/Lungs: Chest wall symmetrical, no use of accessory muscles note, breath sound are clear to auscultation, no wheezing, rhonchi, or prolonged expiration noted in the upper/lower lung fields. No nipple discharges or abnormal lump noted.

Heart: S1, S2 noted with regular rate and rhythm. No extra sounds, clicks, rubs, or murmurs noted. Capillary refill normal at 2 seconds. Pulses palpable/normal at 2+. No edema noted.

Abdomen: Abdomen is soft, non-tender and non-distended. Bowels sounds are present in all 4 quadrants. No hepatosplenomegaly.

Genital: Gray, thin, watering vaginal discharge with foul fishy odor noted.

Musculoskeletal: Full range of motion present in all extremities. No varicose vein, clubbing, cyanosis, or edema present. Palpable peripheral pulses present .

Neurologic: Alert and oriented; ambulatory with steady gait. Speech clear/audible. All extremities movable. Touch sensation and two- point discrimination present and intact .

Skin: No rashes, nodes, lumps, ulcers noted. Skin moisture good and turgor is intact.

ASSESSMENT:

Lab Test and Results:

Urine dipstick: Negative

Pelvic/Vaginal examination: showed gray thin watering discharge with foul, fish odor, vaginal swab obtained for microscopic examination, such as

wet mount test; whiff test; vaginal pH test, and oligonucleotide probes test (send out test).

Swap applied to wet mount for whiff amine test, clue cells test, and applied to litmus paper to check for pH. Results: KOH positive for fishy odor; pH 5.2; wet mount: clue cells present

Differential Diagnosis : Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis
  2. Vaginal Candidiasis
  3. Trichomoniasis

Primary Diagnosis:

Bacterial vaginosis (BV): is the primary diagnosisWomen’s Health (WH, 2015) describe bacterial vaginosis as the vaginal infection that results from overgrowth of bacterial usually found in the vagina which disrupt the natural balance. Bacterial vaginosis can affect women of any age, but usually affect women in their reproductive years. According to WH (2015) signs and symptoms include vaginal discharge that is white or milky or gray in color. Also, the discharge can be watery or foamy with strong fishy odor usually after sex; itchy, irritating vagina, and burning on urination. Moreover, WH (2015) explained that diagnosis are made based on vaginal exam, results of swap vagina fluid obtained during physical examination, such as wet mount test; whiff test; vaginal pH test, and oligonucleotide probes test results. Diagnosis can be made based on the result of three out of the four tests according to WH (2015). The rationales for identifying bacterial vaginosis as the primary diagnosis are that patient’s pelvic/vaginal examination revealed thin, watery, grey discharge. Also, laboratory test for wet mount test; whiff test; vaginal pH test are all positive, and when these tests are positive with the vaginal discharge that is synonymous with bacterial vaginosis, the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is established.

Vaginal Candidiasis: Commonly known as yeast infection. The infection is caused by fungus candida, which causes extreme itching, swelling, and irritation. Symptoms include rash, vaginal discharge that is usually thick, white, and odorless; itching, burning, pain during sex, soreness, and burning. Vaginal candidiasis is ruled out as the primary diagnosis because of the difference in the vaginal discharge, which is odorless, thick, and white like cottage cheese unlike bacterial vaginosis (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016).

Trichomoniasis: The CDC (2016) explained that trichomoniasis is a sexual transmitted disease. the infection is caused by protozoan parasite known as trichomonas vaginalis. The infection is transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In addition, CDC (2016) explained that the signs and symptoms trichomoniasis to include mild irritation to severe inflammation, burning, itching, redness or soreness genitals; discharge can be thin, frosty, greenish, yellowish, clear or white with unusual smell. The CDC (2016) stipulated that trichomoniasis cannot be diagnosed based on symptoms alone. Laboratory test or check is needed to diagnose the infection. Trichomoniasis is ruled out as the possible differential diagnosis because the patient discharge is not frosty, yellow-green.

PLAN:

Diagnostic plan: Oligonucleotide probes test will be ordered and send out to outside diagnostic lab company. Wet mount test, KOH/whiff test, and litmus test for pH were all ordered and tested. Results: positive.

Treatment and Management:

Bacterial vaginosis resolved spontaneously for most women, but the patient has been having the symptoms for one week. I will use an antibiotic therapy.

Antibiotics Therapy:

Metronidazole (Flagyl), 500 mg orally twice daily for seven days .

Alternative Therapy

I will recommend probiotics, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, which will help eliminate high levels of bad bacteria and replace them with good bacteria. The rationale is that acidophilus is a known good bacteria. Also, I will recommend apple cider vinegar; the rationale is that bacterial vaginosis is caused be change in vaginal pH. The apple cider vinegar is natural acidic compound and will help regulate the patient body pH and naturally restore pH balance (Machado, Castro, Palmeira-de-Oliveira, Martinez-de-Oliveira, & Cerca, 2015). In addition, I will recommend hydrogen peroxide because hydrogen peroxide is natural disinfecting agent, and patient will be directed to insert tampon soaked with 3% hydrogen peroxide purchased at drugstore, the goal is to eliminate bad bacteria in the patient body (Machado et al., 2015).

Nonpharmacological Treatment:

Yogurt will be recommended to the patient, and patient advised to eat two cups of plain yogurt daily. Rationale is to restore normal pH balance in the vagina inhibiting the growth of bad bacteria. Moreover, tea tree oil will be recommended to the patient, and patient will be instructed to add few drops of tea tree oil in warm water, stir the water and use the water to rinse vaginal daily for three to 4 weeks (Machado et al., 2015). The rationale is to kill the bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis as well as eliminate the foul fishy odor associated with bacterial vaginosis because tea tree oil has both natural antibacterial and antifungal compounds. Furthermore, patient will instructed to eat raw or cooked garlic daily because the garlic natural antibiotic properties. The rationale is to keep the eliminate bad bacterial (Machado et al., 2015). Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

Health Promotion:

Patient will be educated to wipe from front to back instead of back to front to void contaminating the vagina with bacterial from the rectum. Also, patient will be educated to keep her vulva clean and dry. In addition, patient will be educated to refrain from using agents that are irritating in her vagina, such as strong soaps, feminine hygiene sprays, or douching. Furthermore, patient will be educated to abstain from tight jeans, panty hose with no cotton crotch, or clothing that trap moisture. Have only single sex partner and use condom (Public Health, 2015).

Reflection Note and Follow-Up

What I will do differently on a similar patient evaluation is that I will check the patient hemoglobin A1C to rule out diabetic origin of the condition . I would send the patient home to try the recommended home remedies for few days and come back for antibiotic treatment since bacterial vaginosis can be resolved without treatment to prevent antibiotic resistance. Patient will be schedule to follow-up in 14 days to repeat the diagnostic test to make sure that the infection is cleared, and if the infection is not cleared, I will repeat antibiotic treatment. I agree with my preceptor diagnosis based on the available positive test results and clinical guidelines .

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References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Genital/vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/genital/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Trichomoniasis. Retrieved from

http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/stdfact-trichomoniasis.htm

Machado, M., Castro, J., Palmeira-de-Oliveira, A., Martinez-de-Oliveira, J., & Cerca, N.

(2015). Bacterial vaginosis biofilms: Challenges to current therapies and emerging solution. Front Microbiol, 6, 1528-1542. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01528

Public Health. Bacterial vaginosis: Women’s health guide. Retrieved from

http://www.publichealth.va.gov/infectiondontpassiton/womens-health-

guide/bacterial-vaginosis.asp

Women’s Health. (2015). Bacteria vaginosis. Retrieved from

http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/bacterial-

vaginosis.html

SOAP note rubric

Subjective (15 points)Points PossiblePoints Earned
· CC11
· Pertinent positives (OLDCARTS)55
· Pertinent negatives & positives (from ROS)54
· Pertinent PMH, SH, and FH33
· Medications and drug/food allergies are included11
Objective (15 points)
· VS including FHT if indicated33
· Thyroid, Heart, and Lungs11
· Systems or specialty exam techniques that are not necessary to arrive at a diagnosis are included.-51
· Systems or specialty exam techniques that are necessary to arrive at your diagnosis are omitted.-55
· Diagnostic test results (ex; BHCG, CBC, Rubella, RPR, pap, GC, CT, 1 HR GTT, GC/CT, urine dip, wet prep, Blood group & RH Status)22
Assessment (10 points for each priority diagnosis to equal 30)3030
Plan (15 points)
· Medications discontinued (“d/c lisinopril 10 mg daily”)1NA/1
· Medications started (“start Ferrous Sulfate 325 mg daily”)22
· Alternative therapies if appropriate (1 point)1NA/1
· Diagnostic tests ordered with timeframe66
· Referrals or consultations if appropriate22
· Follow-up interval33
Reflection notes (25 points)
· What did you learn from this experience? Any ah-ha’s? (5 points)50
· What would you do differently?55
· What additional data would you have gathered?55
· What additional elements of the exam would you have done?50
· Do you agree with your preceptor based on the evidence?55
Total points10085

Overall great work on your first SOAP note, please see comments.

�Great CC, clear concise in patient’s own words. Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

�Great use of OLDCARTS

�Great history

�Any fever, chills, fatigue?

�She

�Unnecessary

�Unnecessary

�Unnecessary in this case

�Unnecessary in this case

�Unnecessary in this case

�Unnecessary in this case

�Great

�Great choice, first line treatment for BV

�This may be beneficial in recurrent cases however besides fam hx, patient does not have any other risk factors, young, normal BMI.

�In The reflections you are to list What did you learn from this experience? Not addressed.

What would you do differently? You addressed this.

What additional data would you have gathered? You addressed this.

What additional elements of the exam would you have done? Not addressed Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

Do you agree with your preceptor? You addressed this.

Gynecologic Health SOAP Note What details did the patient provide regarding her personal and medical history

Gynecologic Health Select a patient that you examined as a nurse practitioner student during the last three weeks of clinical on OB/GYN Issue With this patient in mind address the following in a SOAP Note

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How Defense In Depth And Awareness Are Complimentary Techniques To Detect Emerging Threats And Strengthen Countermeasures

EMERGING THREATS AND COUNTERMEASURES ON CYBERSECURITY
write a document that explains how defense-in-depth and awareness are complimentary techniques to detect emerging threats and strengthen countermeasures.
Or you can select a subject that you want on the subject Cyber Security (i.e. History of Cyber Security, Laws for Cyber Security, etc)
Remember: list of sources must be in APA format, and you MUST cite your reference in the body of the paper using APA in-text citation format. A source is any paper or article that you will reference in your paper.
0 % plagiarism
You must reference two (2) peer-reviewed articles or papers that support your thesis statement. One of these papers may be from your annotated bibliography assignment. The final paper must be at least 500 words in length. (DO NOT exceed 500 words by a material amount. Excessive words or too many references will NOT impress me.)
So in summary, here are the research paper requirements:
• 2 peer reviewed resources (articles or papers)
• Cited sources must directly support your paper (i.e. not incidental references)
• 2 pages but not included references

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How Defense In Depth And Awareness Are Complimentary Techniques To Detect Emerging Threats And Strengthen Countermeasure.s.
write a document that explains how defense-in-depth and awareness are complimentary techniques to detect emerging threats and strengthen countermeasures.
Or you can select a subject that you want on the subject Cyber Security (i.e. History of Cyber Security, Laws for Cyber Security, etc)
Remember: list of sources must be in APA format, and you MUST cite your reference in the body of the paper using APA in-text citation format. A source is any paper or article that you will reference in your paper.
0 % plagiarism
You must reference two (2) peer-reviewed articles or papers that support your thesis statement. One of these papers may be from your annotated bibliography assignment. The final paper must be at least 500 words in length. (DO NOT exceed 500 words by a material amount. Excessive words or too many references will NOT impress me.)
So in summary, here are the research paper requirements:
• 2 peer reviewed resources (articles or papers)
• Cited sources must directly support your paper (i.e. not incidental references)
• 2 pages but not included references

Get assignment help from our qualified and proficient essay writers. We deliver quality and plagiarism-free papers within your set deadline. Use our professional writing service and receive: ✓High-Quality Papers ✓Plagiarism Free papers ✓Punctual Delivery ✓24/7 Support  


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