help with study guide on history

I’m studying for my History class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Section I

Directions: Be able to identify each of the people/objects/places/terms/events below. In a short answer, explain why are they significant and how they influenced Early Western History?

  1. Concrete
  2. Trajan’s Column
  3. Tiberius Gracchus
  4. The Rape of Lucretia
  5. Juvenal
  6. mare nostrum
  7. The Aeneid
  8. Pompeii
  9. Tarquinus Superbus
  10. Masada
  11. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
  12. plebeians
  13. St Paul
  14. The Capitoline Wolf
  15. The battle of Actium
  16. Marcus Aurelius
  17. The Tetrarchy
  18. Cato
  19. The Punic Wars
  20. The Rubicon

Section II

Directions: Be prepared to answer the following questions. Answer the question completely and include some discussion of primary sources, where appropriate, to support your answer.

  1. What was the pater familias? What role did this concept have in Roman society?
  2. Describe life in the city of Rome. Would you have liked to have lived there?
  3. What factors led to the decline of the Republic?
  4. Why was the senate hostile to Caesar?
  5. Describe the influence of The Greeks and Etruscans on Rome
  6. Do you think Octavian earned his title of ‘Augustus’?
  7. Why did the philosophy of stoicism become popular in the Roman world?
  8. Describe the development of Christianity in the first century CE.

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